|Characterization and efficacy of PKH26 as a probe to study the replication history of the human hematopoietic KG1a progenitor cell line.
|Year of Publication
|G.M. Lee; S. Fong; D.J. Oh; K. Francis; B.Ø. Palsson
|PLoS Comput Biol
|The PKH26 dye can, in principle, be used for the study of asymmetric cell divisions (ASDs). A requirement for the identification of ASDs based on fluorescence intensity is that the PKH26 dye is distributed equally between daughter cells at each division, but this has not been demonstrated at a single-cell level. The efficacy of PKH26 as a probe for the study of ASDs was examined using the human hematopoietic KG1a cell. An automated time-lapse fluorescent microscope system was used to determine changes in cell size and fluorescence intensity during culture, and track cell divisions. The images of daughter cells were analyzed using the Isee software to determine the distribution of PKH26 dye between daughter cells. Ratios of cell size, mean fluorescence intensity, and total fluorescence intensity were calculated by dividing the values for one daughter cell by the value of the other daughter cell. The ratios for cell size, mean intensity, and total intensity were 1.13 +/- 0.12, 1.08 +/- 0.07, and 1.15 +/- 0.14 (mean +/- SD), respectively. Thus, PKH26 is not distributed equally to both daughter cells upon cell division. However, the replication history of individual KG1a cells can be reliably deduced for up to three divisions based solely on the mean and total fluorescence intensity of the PKH26 dye, using PKH26 concentrations below the chemical and phototoxic limits (2 microM).