Genomewide identification of protein binding locations using chromatin immunoprecipitation coupled with microarray.

Title Genomewide identification of protein binding locations using chromatin immunoprecipitation coupled with microarray.
Year of Publication 2008
Authors B.K. Cho; E.M. Knight; B.Ø. Palsson
Journal PLoS Comput Biol
Abstract Interactions between cis-acting elements and proteins play a key role in transcriptional regulation of all known organisms. To better understand these interactions, researchers developed a method that couples chromatin immunoprecipitation with microarrays (also known as ChIP-chip), which is capable of providing a whole-genome map of protein-DNA interactions. This versatile and high-throughput strategy is initiated by formaldehyde-mediated cross-linking of DNA and proteins, followed by cell lysis, DNA fragmentation, and immunopurification. The immunoprecipitated DNA fragments are then purified from the proteins by reverse-cross-linking followed by amplification, labeling, and hybridization to a whole-genome tiling microarray against a reference sample. The enriched signals obtained from the microarray then are normalized by the reference sample and used to generate the whole-genome map of protein-DNA interactions. The protocol described here has been used for discovering the genomewide distribution of RNA polymerase and several transcription factors of Escherichia coli.
URL PubMed