Expanding The Computable Reactome In Pseudomonas putida Reveals Metabolic Cycles Providing Robustness

TitleExpanding The Computable Reactome In Pseudomonas putida Reveals Metabolic Cycles Providing Robustness
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsNogales J, Gudmundsson S, Duque E., Ramos JLewis, Palsson BO
PubMed Date05/2017

Genome-scale network reconstructions are organism-specific representations of metabolism and powerful tools for analyzing systemic metabolic properties. The use of reconstructions is limited by the lack of coverage of the metabolic reactome. We present an exhaustive and validated reconstruction of the biotechnologically relevant bacterium Pseudomonas putida KT2440, greatly expanding its computable metabolic states. The reconstruction, iJN1411, represents a significant expansion over other reconstructed bacterial metabolic networks. Computations based on the reconstruction exhibit high accuracy in predicting nutrient sources, growth rates, carbon flux distributions, and gene essentiality, thus providing a deep understanding of Pseudomonas metabolism. iJN1411 was used for: i) the assessment of the metabolic capabilities of P. putida as a species through multi-strain modeling, ii) deciphering the molecular mechanisms underlying metabolic robustness, and iii) identification of metabolic “capacitors” based on ATP-fueled metabolic cycles. This study represents the most complete and comprehensive bacterial metabolic reconstruction built to date, while providing computational and experimental evidence about how bacteria increase metabolic robustness, paving the way for engineering more robust biocatalysts and searching for drug targets in robust pathogens.

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